History 540A: Seminar, The 20th Century African American Urban West Bibliography


State or Regional Histories:

Melvin J. Banks, The Pursuit of Equality: The Movement for First Class Citizenship Among Negroes in Texas (1971)

Alwyn Barr, Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971 (1973)

Kenneth Goode, California's Black Pioneers (1971)

William A. Little and James E. Weiss, eds., Blacks in Oregon: A Statistical and Historical Report (1978)

Richard E. Harris, The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks (1990)

Rudolph M. Lapp, Afro-Americans in California (1987)

Elmer R. Rusco, Voices of Black Nevada (1971)

Elizabeth McLagan, A Peculiar Paradise: A History of Blacks in Oregon, 1788-1940 (1980)

Mamie O. Oliver, Idaho Ebony: The Afro-American Presence in Idaho State History (1990)

Laurie Mercier and Carole Simon-Smolinski, Idaho's Ethnic Heritage: Historical Overviews (Boise: Idaho State Historical Society, 1990).

Jimmie Lewis Franklin, Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (1971)

Arthur L. Tolson, The Black Oklahomans: A History, 1541-1972 (1974)

Gloria Richardson, Black Pioneers in New Mexico (1976)

Ruthe Winegarten, Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph (1995)

Miles M. Jackson, And They Came: A Brief History and Annotated Bibliography of Blacks in Hawaii (2001)

Everett Louis Overstreet, Black on a Background of White: A Chronicle of Afro-Americans' Involvement in America's Last Frontier, Alaska (1988)

Quintard Taylor, In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West, 1528-1990 (1998)

Quintard Taylor and Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, African American Women Confront the West, 1600-2000 (2003)


African Americans and Other Peoples of Color:

Ivan H. Light, Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese and Blacks (1972)

Bradford Luckingham, Minorities in Phoenix: A Profile of Mexican American, Chinese American and African American Communities, 1860-1992 (1994)

Rufus P. Browning, Dale Rogers Marshall and David H. Tabb, Protest is Not Enough: The Struggle of Blacks and Hispanics for Equality in Urban Politics (1984)

Leiv Hamilton Blad, The Cries of Beleaguered Angels: Black and Chicano Consciousness in Los Angeles, 1940-1970 (1987)

Nancy Abelman, Blue Dreams: Korean Americans and the Los Angeles Riots (1995)

Eui-Young Yu, ed., Black-Korean Encounter: Toward Understanding and Alliance, Dialogue between black and Korean Americans in the Aftermath of the 1992 Los Angeles Riots (1994)



The Urban West, 1900-1920:

Arna Bontemps and Jack Conroy, Anyplace But Here (1966)

J. Alston Atkins, The Texas Negro and His Political Rights: A History of the Fight of the Negro to Enter the Democratic Primaries of Texas (1932)

James Atkins, Human Relations in Colorado: A Historical Record (1968)

National Urban League, Industrial Survey of the Negro Population of Los Angeles, California (1926)

Ira De A. Reid, The Negro Population of Denver, Colorado: A Survey of its Economic and Social Status (1929)

T. Earl Sullenger and J. Harvey Kerns, The Negro in Omaha: A Social Study of Negro Development (1931)

E. Frederick Anderson, The Development of Leadership and Organization Building in the Black Community of Los Angeles from 1900 through World War II (1980)

J. McFarline Ervin, The Participation of the Negro in the Community Life of Los Angeles (1973)

Douglas Henry Daniels, Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San Francisco (1980)

Esther Hall Mumford, Seattle's Black Victorians, 1852-1901 (1980)

______________, Seven Stars and Orion: Reflections of the Past [Oral history of black Seattleites] (1986)

Thomas C. Cox, Blacks in Topeka, Kansas, 1865-1915 (1982)

Conrey Bryson, Dr. Lawrence A. Nixon and the White Primary (1974)

Mike Garcia, Adaptation Strategies in the Los Angeles Black Community, 1883-1919 (1975)

Donald E Hausler, Blacks in Oakland: 1852-1987 (1987)

Kenneth Mason, Paternal Community: African Americans and Race Relations in San Antonio, Texas, 1867-1937 (1998)

MaryEllen Bell Ray, The City of Watts, California; 1907 to 1926 (1985)



The Urban West, 1920-1940:

Howard Beeth and Cary D. Wintz, eds., Black Dixie: Afro-Texan History and Culture in Houston (1992)

Merline Pitre, In Struggle Against Jim Crow: Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900-1957 (1999)

Albert S. Broussard, Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900-1954 (1993)

Emory J. Tolbert, The UNIA and Black Los Angeles: Ideology and Community in the American Garvey Movement, (1980)

Charlotta A. Bass, Forty Years: Memoirs From the Pages of a Newspaper (1960)

J. Alexander Somerville, Man of Color: An Autobiography (1949)

Charlotte K. Mock, Bridges: New Mexican Black Women, 1900-1950 (1985)

Scott Ellsworth, Death in a Promised Land: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (1982)

Eddie Faye Gates, The Came Searching: How Blacks Sought the Promised Land in Tulsa (1997)

Horace R. Cayton, Jr., Long Old Road: An Autobiography (1963)

Lawrence P. Crouchett, Lonnie G. Bunch, and Martha Kendall Winnacker, Visions Toward Tomorrow: The History of the East Bay Afro-American Communi­ty, 1852-1977 (1989)

Janet Bruce, The Kansas City Monarchs: Champions of Black Baseball (1986)

 Thomas Cripps, Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942 (1977)

Gary Null, Black Hollywood: The Negro in Motion Pictures (1977)

Bruce M. Tyler, From Harlem to Hollywood: The Struggle for Racial and Cultural Democracy (1992)

Thomas Cripps, Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie From World War II to the Civil Rights Era (1993)

Woody Strode and Sam Young, Goal Dust: An Autobiography by Woody Strode (1990)

Carlton Jackson, Hattie: The Life of Hattie McDaniel (1989)

Joseph Franklin, All Through the Night: The History of Spokane Black Americans, 1860-1940 (1989)

Ross Russell, Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest (1971)

Bette Yarbrough Cox, Central Avenue—Its Rise and Fall, 1890-1955 (1995)

Paul DeBarros, Jackson Street After Hours: The Roots of Jazz in Seattle (1993)

Homer Broome, Jr., LAPD'S Black History, 1886-1976 (1978) [This is a history of African Americans in the Los Angeles Police Department]

Dave Oliphant, Texan Jazz (1996)

Clora Bryant and others, eds., Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles (1998)

Lyle Kenai Wilson, Sunday Afternoons at Garfield Park: Seattle's Black Baseball Teams, 1911-1951 (1997)

Alan B. Govenar and Jay F. Brakefield, Deep Ellum and Central Track: Where the Black and White Worlds of Dallas Converged (1998)

Douglas Flamming, Bound For Freedom: Black Los Angeles in Jim Crow America (2005)

Josh Sides, L.A. City Limits: African American Los Angeles from the Great Depression to the Present (2003)

Robert O. Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (2003)

Susan G. Greenbaum, The Afro-American Community in Kansas City, Kansas: A History (1982)

J. Alexander Somerville, Man of Color: An Autobiography (1949)

Ernest Obadele-Starks, Black Unionism in the Industrial South (2000)



World War II:

Charles S. Johnson, The Negro War Worker in San Francisco (1944)

Katherine Archibald, Wartime Shipyard: A Study in Social Disunity (1947)

Amy Kesselman, Fleeting Opportunities: Women Shipyard Workers in Portland and Vancouver During World War II and Reconversion (1990)

Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1971)

Robert L. Allen, The Port Chicago Mutiny: The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny Trial in U.S. Naval History (1989)

Beth Bailey and David Farber, The First Strange Place: Race and Sex in World War II Hawaii (1992)

Keith E. Collins, Black Los Angeles: The Maturing of the Ghetto, 1940-1950 (1975)

Alonzo Smith, Black Employment in the Los Angeles Area, 1938-1948 (1978)

Arthur E. Hippler, Hunter's Point: A Black Ghetto (1974)

Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East Bay Community (1996)

Ted Gioia, West Coast Jazz: Modern Jazz in California, 1945-1960 (1992)

Robert Gordon, Jazz West Coast: The Los Angeles Jazz Scene of the 1950s (1986)

Arnold Rampersad, Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997)

Sharon Robinson, Stealing Home: An Intimate Family Portrait (1996)

Jesse Kimbrough, Defender of the Angels: A Black Policeman in Old Los Angeles (New York: Macmillan, 1969)

Donald Hausler, African American Oakland in World War II (1995)

Manly Maben, Vanport (1987)

Delores McBroome, Parallel Communities: African Americans in California’s East Bay, 1850-1963 (1993)

Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, To Place Our Deeds: The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1910-1963 (2000)

Quintard Taylor, The Forging of a Black Community: A History of Seattle’s Central District, 1870 through the Civil Rights Era (1994)

Charles Wollenberg, Marinship at War: Shipbuilding and Social Changes in Wartime Sausalito (1990)

Jules Tygiel, Baseball's Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy (1983)


Oral Histories:

Jamie Coughtry and R.T. King, eds., Civil Rights Efforts in Las Vegas: 1940s-1980s (1988)

__________, ed., Woodrow Wilson: Race, Community, and Politics in Las Vegas, 1940s-1980s (1990)

__________ and Helen M. Blue, eds., Clarence Ray: Black Politics and Gaming in Las Vegas, 1920s-1980s (1991)




The Civil Rights\Black Power Era:

William Henry Kellar, Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives and School Desegregation in Houston (1999)

Lawrence King Northwood and Ernest A.T. Barth, Urban Desegregation: Negro Pioneers and their White Neighbors (1965)

Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Civil Disorder, Race and Violence in Washington State: A Report of the Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Civil Disorder (1969)

William J. Rorabaugh, Berkeley at War: The 1960s (1989)

June Acosta, ed., Waiting in Line at the Drugstore, And Other Writings of James Thomas Jackson (1993)

Jerry Cohen and William S. Murphy, Burn, Baby, Burn:  The Los Angeles Race Riot August, 1965, (1966)

Paul Bullock, ed, Watts, The Aftermath: An Inside View of the Ghetto, By the People of Watts (1969)

Robert Conot, Rivers of Blood, Years of Darkness [on the Los Angeles Riots] (1965)

Richard M. Elman, Ill-at-Ease in Compton (1967)

Gerald Horne, The Fire This Time: Watts and the 1960s (1995)

Patricia Alder, Paradise West: A Study of Negro Attitudes Toward the City of Los Angeles (1969)

Joyce E. Williams, Black Community Control: A Study of Transition in a Texas Ghetto (1973)

John Crow, Discrimination, Poverty and the Negro: Arizona in the National Context (1968)

Lillian B. Rubin, Busing and Backlash: White Against White in an Urban California School District (1972)

Charles Wollenberg, All Deliberate Speed: Segregation and Exclusion in California Schools, 1855-1975 (1975)

Roy H. Williams and Kevin J. Shay, Time Change: An Alternative View of the History of Dallas (1991)

Robert Prince,  A History of Dallas from a Different Perspective (1993)

Clara Luper, Behold the Walls [on the Oklahoma City civil rights movement] (1979)

William Barlow and Peter Shapiro, An End to Silence: The San Francisco State College Student Movement in the 1960s (1971)

Bobby Seale, A Lonely Rage (1977)

________, Seize the Time (1968)

Scot Brown, Fighting for US: Maulana Karenga, the US Organization and Black Cultural Nationalism (2003)

Elaine Brown, A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story (1994)

Hugh Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America (1994)

David Hillard, This Side of Glory: The Autobiography of David Hillard and the Story of the Black Panther Party (1993)

Warren M. Banner and Theodora M. Dyer, The Economic and Cultural Progress of the Negro in Phoenix, Arizona (1965)

Anne LaGrelius Siqueland, Without a Court Order: The Desegregation of Seattle Schools (1981)

Doris Fine, When Leadership Fails: Desegregation and Demoralization in the San Francisco Schools (1986)

Jim Schutze, The Accommodation: The Politics of Race in an American City (1986) [on Dallas]

Ray C. Rist, The Invisible Children: School Integration in American Society (1978) [on Portland]

Dikran Karagueuzian, Blow It Up! The Black Student Revolt at San Francisco State and the Emergence of Dr. Hayakawa (1971)

John and Laree Caughey, School Segregation on our Doorstep: The Los Angeles Story (1966)

Ann C. Diver-Stamnes, Lives in the Balance: Youth, Poverty and Education in Watts (1995)

Charles E. Jones, ed., The Black Panther Party: Reconsidered 1998)

Mary Beth Rogers, Barbara Jordan: American Hero (1998)

Edward C. Hayes, Power Structure and Urban Policy: Who Rules in Oakland? (1972) 



The Contemporary Era:

Robert D. Bullard, Invisible Houston: The Black Experience in Boom and Bust (1987)

Lonnie G. Bunch, Black Angelenos: The Afro-American in Los Angeles, 1850-1950 (1988)

Raphael J. Sonenshein, Politics in Black and White: Race and Power in Los Angeles (1993)

Mark Baldassare, ed., The Los Angeles Riots: Lessons from the Urban Future (1994)

Bradford Luckingham, Minorities in Phoenix: A Profile of Mexican American, Chinese American, and African American Communities, 1860-1992 (1994)

Jessie L. Embry, Black Saints in a White Church: Contemporary African American Mormons (1994)

Robert Gooding-Williams, ed., Reading Rodney King: Reading Urban Uprising (1993)

Kimberly Moreland, The History of Portland's African American Community, 1805 to the Present (993)

Kristal Brent Zook, Color by Fox: The Fox Network and the Revolution in Black Television (1999)

James Richardson, Willie Brown: A Biography (1996)

Ronald V. Dellums, Lying Down with the Lions: A Public Life from the Streets of Oakland to the Halls of Power (2000)





The Antebellum West:

Clarence Caesar, "An Historical Overview of the Development of the Black Community of Sacramento, California, 1850-1983," (M.A. Thesis, California State University-Sacramento, 1985)

James A. Fisher, “A History of the Political and Social Development of the Black Community in California, 1850-1950,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1972)

Barbara Krauthamer, “Blacks on the Border: African Americans’ Transition from Slavery to Freedom in Texas and the Indian Territory, 1836-1907,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, 2000

Lionel Dean Lyles, “An Historical-Urban Geographical Analysis of Black Neighborhood Development in Denver, 1860-1970,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Colorado, 1977)

Fred Lee McGhee, “The Black Crop: Slavery and Slave Trading in Nineteenth Century Texas,” Ph D. Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, 2000

Philip Montesano, "The San Francisco Black Community, 1849-1890: The Quest for Equality Before the Law," (PhD. Dissertation, UC-Santa Barbara, 1974)

Quintard Taylor, “A History of Blacks in the Pacific Northwest, 1788-1970 (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1977)




Patrick Nicholas Beck, "The Other Children: Minority Education in California Public Schools from Statehood to 1890," (PhD. Dissertation, UCLA, 1975)

Mary Emily Davies, and Genevieve Marsh, "A Study of the Negro in Lincoln," (M.A. Thesis, University of Nebraska, 1904)

Lynda Fae Dickson, "The Early Club Movement Among Black Women in Denver, 1890-1925," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Colorado, 1988)

Mike Hogan Garcia, "Adaptation Strategies of the Los Angeles Black Community, 1883-1919," (PhD. Dissertation, UC-Irvine, 1985)

Leroy E. Harris, "The Other Side of the Freeway: A Century of Negro and Mexican American Migration and Housing Patterns in San Diego, 1870-1970," (PhD. Dissertation, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1976)

Wesley Howard Henderson, "Two Case Studies of African American Architects' Careers in Los Angeles, 1890-1945: Paul R. Williams, AIA and James H. Garrot, AIA," University of California, Los Angeles, 1992

Oznathylee Alverdo Hopkins, "Black Life in Oregon, 1899-1907: A Study of the Portland New Age," (B.A. Thesis, Reed College, 1974)

Paul Alan Smith, "Negro Settlement and Railway Growth in Los Angeles, California, 1890-1930," (M.A. Thesis, California State University, Northridge, 1973)

Jackie Lynn Byrd Thul, "African American School Segregation in Arizona from 1863-1954 (M.A. Thesis, Arizona State University, 1993)

Arthur L. Tolson, "A History of Langston, Oklahoma, 1890-1950," (M.A. Thesis,

            Universi­ty of Oklahoma, 1953)

James C. Yancy, "The Negro in Tucson: Past and Present," (M.S. Thesis, University of Arizona, 1933)




Patricia R. Adler, "Watts: From Suburb to Black Ghetto," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1977)

Arthur V. Age, "The Omaha Riot of 1919," (M.A. Thesis, Creighton University, 1964)

J. Max Bond, "The Negro in Los Angeles," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1936)

Lawrence B. de Graaf, "Negro Migration to Los Angeles, 1930-1950," (PhD. Dissertation, University of California at Los Angeles, 1962)

Bruce Glasrud, “Black Texans, 1900-1930: A History,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech College, 1969)

Richard Stanley Hobbs, "The Cayton Legacy: Two Generations of a Black Family, 1859-1976," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1989)

Joseph Sylvester Jackson, "The Colored Marine Employees Benevolent Association of the Pacific, 1921-1934, or Implications of Vertical Mobility for Negro Stewards in Seattle," (M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1939)

Evamarii Alexandria Johnson, "A Production History of the Seattle Federal Theater Project Negro Repertory Company: 1935-1939) (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washing­ton, 1981)

Scott Tadao Kurashige, “Transforming Los Angeles: Black and Japanese American Struggles for Racial Equality in the 20th Century,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2000)

Kristine M. McCusker, “The Forgotten Years of America’s Civil Rights Movement: The University of Kansas, 1939-1961,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas, 1994)

Horace Daniel Nash, "Town and Sword: Black Soldiers in Columbus, New Mexico in the Early Twentieth Century," (M.A. Thesis, University of New Mexico, 1992)

Robert Bedford Pitts, "Organized Labor and the Negro in Seattle," (M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1941)

Juana Royster-Horn, "The Academic and Extracurricular Undergraduate Experiences of Three Black Women at the University of Washington, 1935 to 1941," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1980)

Neil Gary Sapper, “A Survey of the History of the Black People of Texas, 1930-1954,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, 1972)

James Martin SoRelle, "The Darker Side of 'Heaven': The Black Community in Houston, Texas, 1917-1945," (PhD. Dissertation, Kent State University, 1980)



World War II:

Leiv Hamilton Blad, "The Cries of Beleaguered Angels: Black and Chicano Consciousness in Los Angeles, 1940-1970," (M.A. Thesis, University of Virginia, 1987)

Keith Edison Collins, "Black Los Angeles: The Maturing of the Ghetto, 1940-1950," (PhD. Dissertation, UC-San Diego, 1975)

Edward E. France, "Some Aspects of the Migration of the Negro to the San Francisco Bay Area Since 1940," (PhD. Dissertation, UC-Berkeley, 1962)

June Herzog, "Study of the Negro Defense Workers in the Portland-Vancouver Area," (Senior Thesis, Reed College, 1944)

Kyle Julien, “Sounding the City: Jazz, African American Nightlife, and the Articulation of Race in 1940s Los Angles,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 2000)

Kevin Allen Leonard, "The Impact of World War II on Race Relations in Los Angeles," (PhD. Dissertation, UC-Davis, 1992)

Rudy Pearson, “African Americans in Portland, Oregon, 1940-1950: Work and Living Conditions—A Social History,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington State University, 1996)

Paul Langham Robinson, “Class and Place Within the Los Angeles African American Community, 1940-1990,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southern California, 2000)

Sally J. Sandoval, “Ghetto Growing Pains: The Impact of Negro Migration on the City of Los Angeles, 1940-1960,” (M.A. Thesis, California State University, Fullerton, 1974)

Charles U. Smith, "Social Change in Certain Aspects of Adjustment of the Negro in Seattle, Washington," (PhD. Dissertation, Washington State College, 1950)

Harlan Dale Unrau, “The Double V Movement in Los Angeles During the Second World War: A Study in Negro Protest,” (M.A. Thesis, California State University, Fullerton, 1971)




Howard Alan Droker, "The Seattle Civic Unity Committee and the Civil Rights Movement, 1944-1964," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1974)

Ralph Friedman, "The Attitude of West Coast Maritime Unions in Seattle Toward Negroes in the Maritime Industry," (M.A. Thesis: Washington State College, 1952)

Shirley Mae Green, "Anchorage Alaska, The Myth of Racial Equality: A Study of the Experiences of Anchorage's Black Workers," (PhD. Dissertation, Union for Experi­menting Colleges and Universities, 1987)

Isabell Masters, "The Life and Legacy of Oliver Brown, The First Listed Plaintiff of Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Oklahoma, 1980)

Stuart John McElderry, “The Problem of the Color Line: Civil Rights and Racial Ideology in Portland, Oregon, 1944-1965,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon, 1998)

Doris Hinson Pieroth, "Desegregating the Public Schools, Seattle, Washington, 1954-1968," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1979)

Max Silverman, “Urban Redevelopment and Community Response: African Americans in San Francisco’s Western Addition,” (M.A. Thesis, San Francisco State University, 1994)

Susan May Strohm, "Black Community Organization and the Role of the Black Press in Resource Mobilization in Los Angeles from 1940 to 1980," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1989)

Anthony Charles Sweeting, "The Dunbar Hotel and Central Avenue Renaissance, 1781-1950," (PhD. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1992)

Bruce Michael Tyler, "Black Radicalism in Southern California, 1950-1982," (PhD. Dissertation, UCLA, 1983)

Sarah Beal Watley, "The Power Structure in the Negro Sub-Community in Lubbock, Texas," (M.A. Thesis, Texas Tech University, 1970)

James T. Wiley, "Race Conflict as Exemplified in a Washington Town (Pasco)" (M.A. Thesis, Washington State College, 1949)



The Civil Rights Era, 1961-1970:

Angela Darlean Brown, “Servants of the People: A History of Women in the Black Panther Party,” (B.A. Thesis, Harvard University, 1992)

Austin Curtis, "The Black Panther Party in Oakland, California, 1966-1972," (M.A. Thesis, University of Southern Mississippi, 1993)

Raymond Bernard La Plante, "The Negro at Jefferson High School [Portland]: A Study of Racial Change," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Oregon, 1970)

Larry S. Richardson, "Civil Rights in Seattle: A Rhetorical Analysis of a Social Move­ment," (PhD. Dissertation, Washington State University, 1975)

Allan A. Saxe, "Protest and Reform: The Desegregation of Oklahoma City," (PhD Thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1969)

Diane Louise Walker, "The University of Washington Establishment and the Black Student Union Sit-In of 1968," (M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1980)




Harriet Elaine Adair, "Trends in School Desegregation: A Historical Case Study of Dayton, Denver, Los Angeles, and Seattle," (Ed.D. Dissertation, Brigham Young University, 1986)

Rebecca L. Andrews, “A Changing Community: A Study of the Impacts of Gentrification and the Possibilities for Equitable Development in Seattle’s Central District,” (M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 2003)

Jeanne Thiel Landis, "The Crawford Desegregation Suit in Los Angeles, 1977-1981: The Multiethnic Community Versus BUSTOP," (PhD. Dissertation, UCLA, 1984)

William A. Little, "Community Organization and Leadership: A Case Study of Minority Workers in Seattle," (PhD. Dissertation, University of Washington, 1976)

Holly Myes-Jones, "A Geographic Analysis of Political Opposition to Busing in Seattle," (M.A. Thesis, University of Washington, 1980)

Jeffrey Gregory Zane, “America, Only Less So? Seattle’s Central Area, 1968-1996,” (Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame, 2001)

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