The books listed below excellent sources of general information and for research on African American history in the West.


James de T. Abajian, ed., Blacks and Their Contributions to the American West: A Bibliography and Union List of Library Holdings Through 1970 (1974)

Roger D. Hardaway, ed., A Narrative Bibliography of the African-American Frontier: Blacks in the Rocky Mountain West, 1535-1912 (1995)

Monroe Lee Billington and Roger D. Hardaway, eds., African Americans on the Western Frontier (1998)

John W. Ravage, Black Pioneers: Images of the Black Experience on the North American Frontier (1997)

Mary F. Berry and John W. Blassingame, Long Memory: The Black Experience in America (1982)

Vincent Harding, There Is A River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America (1981)

Jacqueline Jones, Labor of Love: Black Women, Work and Family From Slavery to the Present (1985) Lawrence Levine, Black Culture and Black Consciousness (1977)

Vincent Franklin, Black Self-Determination: A Cultural History of the Faith of the Fathers, (1984)

Leon Litwack and August Meier, ed., Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century (1988)

Darlene Clark Hine, ed., Black Women in United States History, 8 vols. (1990)

William Loren Katz, The Black West: A Pictorial History (1987)

Arthur Cromwell, The Black Frontier (1970)

Bruce Glasrud and Laurie Champion, eds., The African American West: A Century of Short Stories (2000)

State or Regional Histories:

W. Sherman Savage, Blacks in the West (1976)

Kenneth W. Porter, The Negro on the American Frontier (1971)

Delilah L. Beasley, Negro Trail Blazers of California (1919)

Works Progress Administration, The Negroes of Nebraska (1940)

Miriam Matthews, The Negro in California From 1781 to 1910: An Annotated Bibliography (1944)

Sue Bailey Thurman, Pioneers of Negro Origin in California (1952)

B. Gordon Wheeler, Black California: The History of African Americans in the Golden State (1993)

Melvin J. Banks, The Pursuit of Equality: The Movement for First Class Citizenship Among Negroes in Texas (1971)

Alwyn Barr, Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971 (1973)

Alwyn Barr and Robert Carver, eds., Black Leaders: Texans for Their Times (1990)

Kenneth Goode, California's Black Pioneers (1971)

William A. Little and James E. Weiss, eds., Blacks in Oregon: A Statistical and Historical Report (1978)

Richard E. Harris, The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks (1990)

Rudolph M. Lapp, Afro-Americans in California (1987)

Elmer R. Rusco, "Good Time Coming?" Black Nevadans in the Nineteenth Century (1975)

___________, ed., Voices of Black Nevada (1971)

Elizabeth McLagan, A Peculiar Paradise: A History of Blacks in Oregon, 1788-1940 (1980)

Mamie O. Oliver, Idaho Ebony: The Afro-American Presence in Idaho State History (1990)

Laurie Mercier and Carole Simon-Smolinski, Idaho's Ethnic Heritage: Historical Overviews (Boise: Idaho State Historical Society, 1990).

Jimmie Lewis Franklin, Journey Toward Hope: A History of Blacks in Oklahoma (1971)

Arthur L. Tolson, The Black Oklahomans: A History, 1541-1972 (1974)

Gloria Richardson, Black Pioneers in New Mexico (1976)

Ruthe Winegarten, Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph (1995)

Roger Daniels and Spencer Olin, Jr., Racism in California: A Reader in the History of Oppression (1972)

Everett Louis Overstreet, Black on a Background of White: A Chronicle of Afro-Americans' Involvement in America's Last Frontier, Alaska (1988)

African Americans in the Antebellum West:

Colin Palmer, Slaves of the White God: A History of Blacks in Mexico (1976)

John Upton Terrell, Estevanico, the Black (1968)

R. Douglas Cope, The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in Colonial Mexico City, 1660-1720 (1994)

Herman Bennett, Africans in Colonial Mexico: Absolutism, Christianity and Afro-Creole Consciousness, 1570-1640 (2003)

Robert B. Betts, In Search of York: The Slave Who Went to the Pacific with Lewis and Clark (1985)

James P. Beckwourth, The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth, As Told to Thomas D. Bonner (1856)

Elinor Wilson, Jim Beckwourth: Black Mountain Man and Chief of the Crows (1972)

Nolie Mumey, James Pierson Beckwourth, 1856-1866, An Enigmatic Figure of the West: A History of the Later Years of His Life (1957)

Anita R. Bunkley, Emily, The Yellow Rose (1989)

George P. Rawick, ed., The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: The Texas Narratives (1979)

________________, The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: The Oklahoma Narratives (1983)

Paul D. Lack, The Texas Revolutionary Experience: A Political and Social History, 1835-1836 (1992)

Mifflin W. Gibbs, Shadow and Light (1902)

Leon Litwack, North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States (1961)

Eugene H. Berwanger, The Frontier Against Slavery: Western Anti-Negro Prejudice and the Slavery Extension Controversy (1967)

Robert W. Johannsen, Frontier Politics on the Eve of the Civil War (1955)

Rudolph M. Lapp, Blacks in Gold Rush California (1977)

Annie Heloise Abel, The Slaveholding Indians (1915)

Randolph B. Campbell, An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821-1865 (1990)

T. Lindsay Baker and Julie P. Baker, eds., Till Freedom Cried Out: Memories of Texas Slave Life (1997)

Daniel Kames Kubiak, A Monument to a Black Man [on William Goyens] (1972)

Newell Bringhurst, Saints, Slavers and Blacks: The Changing Place of Black People Within Mormonism (1981)

Stephen G. Taggart, Mormonism's Negro Policy: Social and Historical Origins (1970)

Kate B. Carter, The Story of the Negro Pioneer [on Utah] (1965)

James A. Rawley, Race and Politics: Bleeding Kansas and the Coming of the Civil War (1969)

Theda Perdue, Slavery and the Evolution of Cherokee Society, 1540-1866 (1979)

Glenn Noble, John Brown and the Jim Lane Trail (1977)

Otto Scott, The Secret Six: John Brown and the Abolitionist Movement (1993)

John H. Speer, The Life of General James H. Lane: The Liberator of Kansas (1896)

Crawford Kilian, Go Do Some Great Thing: The Black Pioneers of British Columbia (1978)

Wayde Compton, Bluesprint: Black British Columbian Literature and Orature (2001)

Hugh Dunn Fisher, The Gun and the Gospel: Early Kansas and Chaplin Fisher (1896)

Iris White Heikell, The Wind Breaker: George Washington Bush, Black Pioneer of the Northwest (1980)

T. Lindsay Baker and Julie P. Baker, eds., The WPA Oklahoma Slave Narratives (1996)

Patricia Smith Prather and Jane Clements Monday, From Slave to Statesman: The Legacy of Joshua Houston, Servant to Sam Houston (1993)

Kenneth W. Porter, The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-Seeking People (1996)

DeEtta Demaratus, The Force of a Feather: The Search for a Lost Story of Slavery and Freedom [on Bridget “Biddy” Mason] (2002)

Migration and Settlement, 1865-1900:

Sutton E. Griggs, Imperium in Imperio (1899)

____________, Overshadowed (1901)

____________, The Hindered Hand (1905)

____________, Unfettered (1905)

____________, Pointing the Way (1908)

Oscar Michaeux, The Conquest: The Story of a Negro Pioneer (1913)

____________, The Homesteader (1917)

Joseph A. Young, Black Novelist as White Racist: The Myth of Black Inferiority in the Novels of Oscar Michaeux (1989)

Rutherford B. H. Yates, Sr., and Paul L. Yates, The Life and Efforts of Jack Yates (1985)

Emma J. Ray, Twice Sold, Twice Ransomed: The Autobiography of Mr. and Mrs. L.P. Ray (1926)

Robert Anderson, From Slavery to Affluence: Memoirs of Robert Anderson, Ex-Slave (1927)

Norman L. Crockett, The Black Towns (1979)

Eugene H. Berwanger, The West and Reconstruction (1981)

James M. Smallwood, Time of Hope, Time of Despair: Black Texans During Recon¬struc¬tion (1981)

Helen Holdredge, Mammy Pleasant (1953)

Barry A. Crouch, The Freedmen's Bureau and Black Texans (1992)

Kathleen Bruyn, 'Aunt Clara Brown': The Story of a Black Pioneer (1970)

Philip Durham and Everett Jones, The Negro Cowboys (1965)

Paul W. Stewart and Wallace Yvonne Ponce, Black Cowboys (1986)

Merline Pitre, Through Many Dangers, Toils and Snares: The Black Leadership of Texas, 1868-1900 (1985)

Lawrence D. Rice, The Negro in Texas, 1874-1900 (1971)

Dorothy Bass Spann, Black Pioneers: A History of a Pioneer Family in Colorado Springs (1978)

William E. Bittle and Gilbert L. Geis, The Longest Way Home: Chief Alfred Charles Sam's Back to Africa Movement (1964)

Nell I. Painter, Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas after Reconstruction (1976)

Jacob U. Gordon, ed., Narratives of African Americans in Kansas, 1870-1992: Beyond the Exodus Movement (1993)

Robert G. Athearn, In Search of Canaan: Black Migration to Kansas, 1879-1880 (1978)

Gary R. Kremer, James Milton Turner and the Promise of America: The Public Life of a Post-Civil War Black Leader (1991)

Kenneth Marvin Hamilton, Black Towns and Profit: Promotion and Develop¬ment in the Trans-Appalachian West (1991)

William King, Going to Meet A Man: The Last Public Execution in Colorado (1989)

Randall Bennett Woods, A Black Odyssey: John Lewis Waller and the Promise of American Life, 1878-1900 (1981)

Bobette Gugliotta, Nolle Smith: Cowboy, Engineer, Statesman (1971)

Jacob Fontaine, III, and Gene Burd, Jacob Fontaine: From Slavery to the Greatness of the Pulpit, the Press and Public Service (1983)

Byrdie H. Langdon, Utah and the Early Black Settlers (1969)

William A. Owens, Walking on Borrowed Land (1994)

Thad Sitton and James Conrad, Freedom Colonies: Independent Texans in the Time of Jim Crow (2004)

Buffalo Soldiers:

Henry O. Flipper, Negro Frontiersman: The Western Memoirs of Henry O. Flipper, First Negro Graduate of West Point (reprinted 1963)

Monroe Lee Billington, New Mexico's Buffalo Soldiers, 1866-1900 (1991)

John M. Carroll, ed., The Black Military Experience in the American West (1971)

Herschel V. Cashin, Under Fire With the Tenth U.S. Cavalry (1992)

Arlen L. Fowler, Black Infantry in the West, 1869-1891 (1971)

William H. Leckie, The Buffalo Soldiers: A Narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West (1967)

John H. Nankivell, ed., History of the Twenty-fifty Regiment, United States Infantry (1972)

Frank N. Schubert, Buffalo Soldiers and the Brass (1993)

John D. Weaver, The Brownsville Raid (1993)

Garna L. Christian, Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917 (1995)

George Sorenson, Iron Riders: The Story of the Buffalo Soldier Bicycle Corps (1996)

Alan K. Lamm, Five Black Preachers in Army Blue, 1884-1901: The Buffalo Soldier Chaplains (1998)

Gerald Horne, Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920 (2005)

African Americans and Other Peoples of Color:

Theodore G. Vincent, The Legacy of Vicente Guerrero, Mexico’s First Black Indian President (2001)

M. Thomas Bailey, Reconstruction in Indian Territory: A Story of Avarice, Discrimination, and Opportunism (1972)

R. Halliburton, Jr., Red Over Black: Black Slavery Among the Cherokee Indians (1977)

William Loren Katz, Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage (1986)

Ivan H. Light, Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare Among Chinese, Japanese and Blacks (1972)

Daniel F. Littlefield, Jr., Africans and Seminoles: From Removal to Emancipation (1977)

________________, The Cherokee Freedmen: From Emancipation to American Citizenship (1978)

________________, The Chickasaw Freedmen: A People Without a Country (1980)

Kevin Mulroy, Freedom on the Border: The Seminole Maroons in Florida, the Indian Territory, Coahuila, and Texas (1993)

Rosalie Schwartz, Across the Rio to Freedom: U.S. Negroes in Mexico (1975)

Doug Sivad, The Black Seminole Indians of Texas (1984)

Rufus P. Browning, Dale Rogers Marshall and David H. Tabb, Protest is Not Enough: The Struggle of Blacks and Hispanics for Equality in Urban Politics (1984)

Leiv Hamilton Blad, The Cries of Beleaguered Angels: Black and Chicano Consciousness in Los Angeles, 1940-1870 (1987)

H. J. Belton Hamilton, Christmas: And 33 Years Inside An Interracial Family (1994)

Nancy Abelman, Blue Dreams: Korean Americans and the Los Angeles Riots (1995)

Eui-Young Yu, ed., Black-Korean Encounter: Toward Understanding and Alliance, Dialogue between black and Korean Americans in the Aftermath of the 1992 Los Angeles Riots (1994)

The Urban West, 1900-1920:

Delilah L. Beasley, The Negro Trailblazers of California (1919)

Arna Bontemps and Jack Conroy, Anyplace But Here (1966)

J. Alston Atkins, The Texas Negro and His Political Rights: A History of the Fight of the Negro to Enter the Democratic Primaries of Texas (1932)

James Atkins, Human Relations in Colorado: A Historical Record (1968)

National Urban League, Industrial Survey of the Negro Population of Los Angeles, California (1926)

Ira De A. Reid, The Negro Population of Denver, Colorado: A Survey of its Economic and Social Status (1929)

T. Earl Sullenger and J. Harvey Kerns, The Negro in Omaha: A Social Study of Negro Development (1931)

E. Frederick Anderson, The Development of Leadership and Organization Building in the Black Community of Los Angeles from 1900 through World War II (1980)

J. McFarline Ervin, The Participation of the Negro in the Community Life of Los Angeles (1973)

Douglas Henry Daniels, Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San Francisco (1980)

Esther Hall Mumford, Seattle's Black Victorians, 1852-1901 (1980)

______________, Seven Stars and Orion: Reflections of the Past [Oral history of black Seattleites] (1986)

Thomas C. Cox, Blacks in Topeka, Kansas, 1865-1915 (1982)

Conrey Bryson, Dr. Lawrence A. Nixon and the White Primary (1974)

Mike Garcia, Adaptation Strategies in the Los Angeles Black Community, 1883-1919 (1975)

Donald E Hausler, Blacks in Oakland: 1852-1987 (1987)

Kenneth Mason, Paternal Community: African Americans and Race Relations in San Antonio, Texas, 1867-1937 (1998)

MaryEllen Bell Ray, The City of Watts, California; 1907 to 1926 (1985)

Gerald Horne, Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois (2000)


The Urban West, 1920-1940:

Howard Beeth and Cary D. Wintz, eds., Black Dixie: Afro-Texan History and Culture in Houston (1992)

Merline Pitre, In Struggle Against Jim Crow: Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900-1957 (1999)

Albert S. Broussard, Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900-1954 (1993)

Emory J. Tolbert, The UNIA and Black Los Angeles: Ideology and Community in the American Garvey Movement, (1980)

Charlotta A. Bass, Forty Years: Memoirs From the Pages of a Newspaper (1960)

J. Alexander Somerville, Man of Color: An Autobiography (1949)

Charlotte K. Mock, Bridges: New Mexican Black Women, 1900-1950 (1985)

Scott Ellsworth, Death in a Promised Land: The Tulsa Race Riot of 1921 (1982)

Eddie Faye Gates, The Came Searching: How Blacks Sought the Promised Land in Tulsa (1997)

Horace R. Cayton, Jr., Long Old Road: An Autobiography (1963)

Lawrence P. Crouchett, Lonnie G. Bunch, and Martha Kendall Winnacker, Visions Toward Tomorrow: The History of the East Bay Afro-American Communi¬ty, 1852-1977 (1989)

Janet Bruce, The Kansas City Monarchs: Champions of Black Baseball (1986)

Thomas Cripps, Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900-1942 (1977)

Gary Null, Black Hollywood: The Negro in Motion Pictures (1977)

Bruce M. Tyler, From Harlem to Hollywood: The Struggle for Racial and Cultural Democracy (1992)

Thomas Cripps, Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie From World War II to the Civil Rights Era (1993)

Woody Strode and Sam Young, Goal Dust: An Autobiography by Woody Strode (1990)

Carlton Jackson, Hattie: The Life of Hattie McDaniel (1989)

Joseph Franklin, All Through the Night: The History of Spokane Black Americans, 1860-1940 (1989)

Ross Russell, Jazz Style in Kansas City and the Southwest (1971)

Bette Yarbrough Cox, Central Avenue—Its Rise and Fall, 1890-1955 (1995)

Paul DeBarros, Jackson Street After Hours: The Roots of Jazz in Seattle (1993)

Homer Broome, Jr., LAPD'S Black History, 1886-1976 (1978) [This is a history of African Americans in the Los Angeles Police Department]

Dave Oliphant, Texan Jazz (1996)

Clora Bryant and others, eds., Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles (1998)

Lyle Kenai Wilson, Sunday Afternoons at Garfield Park: Seattle's Black Baseball Teams, 1911-1951 (1997)

Alan B. Govenar and Jay F. Brakefield, Deep Ellum and Central Track: Where the Black and White Worlds of Dallas Converged (1998)

Douglas Flamming, Bound For Freedom: Black Los Angeles in Jim Crow America (2005)

Josh Sides, L.A. City Limits: African American Los Angeles from the Great Depression to the Present (2003)

Robert O. Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (2003)

Susan G. Greenbaum, The Afro-American Community in Kansas City, Kansas: A History (1982)

J. Alexander Somerville, Man of Color: An Autobiography (1949)

Ernest Obadele-Starks, Black Unionism in the Industrial South (2000)

Maceo C. Dailey, Jr. and Kristine Navarro, eds., Wheresoever My People Chance to Dwell: Oral Interviews with African American Women of El Paso (2000)

World War II:

Robert L. Allen, The Port Chicago Mutiny: The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny Trial in U.S. Naval History (1989)

Beth Bailey and David Farber, The First Strange Place: Race and Sex in World War II Hawaii (1992)

Keith E. Collins, Black Los Angeles: The Maturing of the Ghetto, 1940-1950 (1975)

Alonzo Smith, Black Employment in the Los Angeles Area, 1938-1948 (1978)

Arthur E. Hippler, Hunter's Point: A Black Ghetto (1974)

Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East Bay Community (1996)

Ted Gioia, West Coast Jazz: Modern Jazz in California, 1945-1960 (1992)

Robert Gordon, Jazz West Coast: The Los Angeles Jazz Scene of the 1950s (1986)

Arnold Rampersad, Jackie Robinson: A Biography (1997)

Sharon Robinson, Stealing Home: An Intimate Family Portrait (1996)

Jesse Kimbrough, Defender of the Angels: A Black Policeman in Old Los Angeles (New York: Macmillan, 1969)

Charles L. Zelden, The Battle for the Black Ballot: Smith v. Allwright and the Defeat of the Texas All-White Primary

Donald Hausler, African American Oakland in World War II (1995)

Manly Maben, Vanport (1987)

Jack Hamann, On American Soil: Murder, the Military and How Justice Became a Casualty of World War II (2005)

Geta LeSeur, Not All Okies are White: The Lives of Black Cotton Pickers in Arizona (2000)

Albert S. Broussard, African American Odyssey: The Stewarts, 1853-1963 (1998)


Oral Histories:

Jamie Coughtry and R.T. King, eds., Civil Rights Efforts in Las Vegas: 1940s-1980s (1988)

___________, ed., Woodrow Wilson: Race, Community, and Politics in Las Vegas, 1940s-1980s (1990)

___________ and Helen M. Blue, eds., Clarence Ray: Black Politics and Gaming in Las Vegas, 1920s-1980s (1991)


The Civil Rights\Black Power Era:

June Acosta, ed., Waiting in Line at the Drugstore, And Other Writings of James Thomas Jackson (1993)

Jerry Cohen and William S. Murphy, Burn, Baby, Burn: The Los Angeles Race Riot August, 1965, (1966)

Paul Bullock, ed, Watts, The Aftermath: An Inside View of the Ghetto, By the People of Watts (1969)

Robert Conot, Rivers of Blood, Years of Darkness [on the Los Angeles Riots, 1965] (1967)

Budd Schulberg, From the Ashes: Voices of Watts (1967)

Richard M. Elman, Ill-at-Ease in Compton (1967)

Gerald Horne, The Fire This Time: Watts and the 1960s (1995)

Joyce E. Williams, Black Community Control: A Study of Transition in a Texas Ghetto (1973)

Melvin J. Banks, The Pursuit of Equality: The Movement for First Class Citizenship Among Negroes in Texas (1971)

Thomas R. Cole, No Color is My Kind: The Life of Eldrewey Stearns and the Integration of Houston (1997)

Patricia Alder, Paradise West: A Study of Negro Attitudes Toward the City of Los Angeles (1969)

John Crow, Discrimination, Poverty and the Negro: Arizona in the National Context (1968)

Angela Y. Davis, Angela Davis: An Autobiography, (1988)

Bettina Aptheker, The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis (1990)

Ronald V. Dellums, Lying Down With the Lions: A Public Life from the Streets of Oakland to the Halls of Power (2000)

James Richardson, Willie Brown: A Biography (1996)

Lillian B. Rubin, Busing and Backlash: White Against White in an Urban California School District (1972)

Neil V. Sullivan, Now is the Time: Integration in the Berkeley Schools (1969)

John Caughey, To Kill a Child’s Spirit: The Tragedy of School Segregation in Los Angeles (1973)

Charles Wollenberg, All Deliberate Speed: Segregation and Exclusion in California Schools, 1855-1975 (1975)

Roy H. Williams and Kevin J. Shay, Time Change: An Alternative View of the History of Dallas (1991)

Clara Luper, Behold the Walls [on the Oklahoma City civil rights movement] (1979)

William Barlow and Peter Shapiro, An End to Silence: The San Francisco State College Student Movement in the 1960s (1971)

Bobby Seale, A Lonely Rage (1977)

_________, Seize the Time (1968)

Elaine Brown, A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story (1994)

Hugh Pearson, The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America (1994)

David Hillard, This Side of Glory: The Autobiography of David Hillard and the Story of the Black Panther Party (1993)

Associated Students, University of Oregon, Which Side Are You On? The Black Panthers in Eugene (1969)

Rusty L Monhollon, This is America? The Sixities in Lawrence, Kansas (2004)

Warren M. Banner and Theodora M. Dyer, The Economic and Cultural Progress of the Negro in Phoenix, Arizona (1965)

James T. Atkins, Human Relations in Colorado: A Historical Record (1968)

Anne LaGrelius Siqueland, Without a Court Order: The Desegregation of Seattle Schools (1981)

Almetris Marsh Duren, Overcoming: A History of Black Integration at the University of Texas at Austin (1979)

Jim Schutze, The Accommodation: The Politics of Race in an American City (1986) [on Dallas]

Ray C. Rist, The Invisible Children: School Integration in American Society (1978) [on Portland]

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, A Matter of Black and White: The Autobiography of Lois Sipuel Fisher (1996)

Dikran Karagueuzian, Blow It Up! The Black Student Revolt at San Francisco State and the Emergence of Dr. Hayakawa (1971)

Lawrence P. Crouchett, William Bryon Rumford: The Life and Public Services of a California Legislator (1984)

John and Laree Caughey, School Segregation on our Doorstep: The Los Angeles Story (1966)

William Henry Kellar, Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives and School Desegregation in Houston (1999)

Blair Justice, Violence in the City [on Houston] (1969)

Ann C. Diver-Stamnes, Lives in the Balance: Youth, Poverty and Education in Watts (1995)

Charles E. Jones, ed., The Black Panther Party: Reconsidered 1998)

Scott Brown, Fighting for US: Maulana Karenga, the US Organization and Black Cultural Nationalism (2003)

Edward C. Hayes, Power Structure and Urban Policy: Who Rules in Oakland? (1972)

The Contemporary Era:

Robert D. Bullard, Invisible Houston: The Black Experience in Boom and Bust (1987)

Lonnie G. Bunch, Black Angelenos: The Afro-American in Los Angeles, 1850-1950 (1988)

Marguerite Mitchell Marshall, et. al., An Account of Afro-Americans in Southeast Kansas, 1884-1984 (1986)

Raphael J. Sonenshein, Politics in Black and White: Race and Power in Los Angeles (1993)

Bradford Luckingham, Minorities in Phoenix: A Profile of Mexican American, Chinese American, and African American Communities, 1860-1992 (1994)

Jessie L. Embry, Black Saints in a White Church: Contemporary African American Mormons (1994)

Gordon Parks, Voices in the Mirror: An Autobiography (1990)

Robert Gooding-Williams, ed., Reading Rodney King: Reading Urban Uprising (1993)

Doris Fine, When Leadership Fails: Desegregation and Demoralization in the San Francisco Schools 1986)

Kimberly Moreland, The History of Portland's African American Community, 1805 to the Present (993)

Errol Henderson, Black Nationalism and Rap Music (1992)

Kristal Brent Zook, Color by Fox: The Fox Network and the Revolution in Black Television (1999)

Sasha Torres, ed., Living Color: Race and Television in the United States (1998)

Todd Boyd, Young, Black Rich and Famous: The Rise of the NBA, the Hip Hop Invasion and the Transformation of American Culture (2003)

Michael Sokolove, The Ticket Out: Darryl Strawberry and the Boys of Crenshaw (2004)

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