Professional Conferences

"The Culture of Western Migration: African Americans on the Racial Frontier, 1800-1945," at the Conference on Race and Ethnicity in the Canadian West, University of Edmonton, Edmonton, Alberta, June 20, 2008

Panel Chair, “African American Migration to Missouri Between the Civil War and World War I,” Organization of American Historians, Midwest Regional Conference, Lincoln, Nebraska, July 2006

Panel Chair, “’The Consequences Will be World Shaking’: Martin Luther King, African & Global Justice,” Organization of American Historians Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., April 2006

Panel Chair: “African American Communities in the Modern American West,” Western History Association Annual Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, October, 2005

Panel Chair, “African Americans and “Others”: Ambiguities of Multigroup Alliances in the Civil Rights Era,” Annual American Historical Association Meeting, Seattle, Washington, January 2005

Participant, Roundtable Discussion on African American Slavery in 19th Century California, California State Library\California State University Library, Sacramento, California, November, 2003

Panel Chair, "Japanese and African Americans: Encounters and Perceptions," Blacks and Asians: Encounters Through Time and Space, International Conference, Boston University, April 2002

Panel Chair, "Racial Boundaries and Asian American Communities in the Northwest," Fifty-Fifth Annual Pacific Northwest History Conference, Seattle, April 2002

Conference Panelist, "Buffalo Soldiers\Native Americans: Perceptions and Encounters in the 19th Century West," University of Arizona Southwest Center, Tucson, Arizona, March 2002

Panel Chair, "Migration, Labor and the Racial Frontier," at the American Historical Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, January 2002

Panel Chair, "LA Ethnic," at the Western History Association Meeting, San Diego, California, October 2001

Panel Chair, "Defining the African Diaspora," at Diaspora Paradigms: New Scholarship in Comparative Black History Conference, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, September, 2001

Panel Chair, "20th Century Asian American and African American Perspectives on the Other," at the Asian American Studies Association Meeting, Toronto, Canada, April 2001

Panel Chair, "Building American Neighborhoods: Understanding Federal Policy's Failure and Successes," at the American Historical Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, January 2000

Panel Chair, "Seeking El Dorado: African Americans and the California Dream," at the Western History Association Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, October, 1999

Panel Chair, "Civil Rights Activism in the West, World War II and the Post-War Era," at the Pacific Coast Branch, American Historical Association Meeting, Maui, Hawaii, August 1999

Panel Commentator, "The Unheralded Triumph: Residential Integration and its Consequences for Blacks in California Suburbs, 1960-1990" at the Pacific Coast Branch/American Historical Association Meeting, San Diego, California, August 1998

"The Urban West: Broadening the Lens of African American History, Work and Social Policy" at the Seminar for African American Urban Studies: History, Work, and Social Policy, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, February 1998

Panel Chair, "Filling the Vacuum: African Americans and the Urban West," at the Western History Association Meeting, St. Paul, Minnesota, October, 1997

Panel Chair, "The African American Urban Experience in the Twentieth Century American West," at the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History Annual Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, October 1996

Discussant on the Career of Kenneth W. Porter, Roundtable: "Pioneer" Historians of the African American West, Western History Association Meeting, Denver, Colorado, and October 1995

Panel Moderator, "Communities and Colonies in the West," at Symposium on Blacks in the West: Image and Reality, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, September 1995

"The Black Urban West on the Pacific Slope: Community Formation Among African Americans in San Francisco and Los Angeles, 1860-1920," Symposium: The Black Route West, University of California, Davis, September 1995

Commentator, Session on Gender and Race in the Far West, Power and Place in the North American West, Third Annual Symposium of the Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, November 1994

Commentator, Session on The Cultural Construction of the Western Landscape, Western History Association Meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 1994

"African Americans in the West: A Comparative Perspective," Presentation at the NEH-sponsored Summer Institute on the American West, Boulder, Colorado, July 1994.

"The Urban and Suburban West," Presentation at the NEH-sponsored Summer Institute on the American West, Boulder, Colorado, July 1994.

"The Civil Rights Movement in the Urban West: Black Protest in Seattle, 1960-1970," Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History, Baltimore, Maryland, October, 1993

Commentator, Session, "Urban Black Communities in the 20th Century: Race, Class and Economic Change," Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians, Anaheim, California, April, 1993

"African American History in the Pacific Northwest: Retrospect and Prospect," Luncheon Presentation, Pacific Northwest History Conference, Eugene, Oregon, March, 1993

"The African American West," Panel discussion at the Association for the Study of African Life and History Conference, Kansas City, Missouri, October, 1992.

Commentator, Session, "The Politics of Liberal Coalition Building," Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Branch of the American Historical Association, Corvallis, Oregon, August, 1992

"The End of the Ghetto?: The Campaign for Open Housing in Seattle, 1960-1970," Paper presented at the Joint Meeting of the Southern Conference of Afro-American Studies, Inc., and the Caribbean Studies Association, Dakar, Senegal, July, 1991

Commentator, The African-American Experience in the Twentieth Century West: Urban and Suburban, Western History Association Meeting, Reno, Nevada, October, 1990

"Blacks and Asians in a White City: Japanese Americans and African Americans in Seattle, 1890-1940," Paper presented at 54th Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archivists, Seattle, Washington, September, 1990

Chair, Session on Place in American Culture, California American Studies Association, San Luis Obispo, California, May, 1990

"The Troublesome Presence: Black Americans and the United States Constitution," Paper presented at the International Conference on Federalism in a Changing World, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria, December, 1987

"The Question of Culture: Black Life and the Transformation of Black Urban America," Paper presented at the 9th Annual Caribbean Studies Association Meeting, London, England, July, 1987

"Black Seattle: The Evolution of An Afro American Community," Symposium on Blacks in the American West, University of California, Davis, April, 1983

"The Shaping of a Black Community: Seattle's Central District, 1910 ­1940,"Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Western Social Sciences Association, San Diego, California, April, 1981

"Slave Family Life on the Fazenda and Plantation: A Comparison of Brazil and the United States, 1750 1750," paper presented at the First Annual World Conference on Records, Family History and Genealogy, Salt Lake City, Utah, August, 1980.

"The Great Migration: The Afro American Communities of Seattle and Portland During the 1940s," Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Missouri Valley History Conference, Omaha, Nebras­ka, March, 1980

"Red v. Black: Conflict and Accommodation in the Post Civil War Indian Territory, 1867 1907," Paper presented at the 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association/Pacific Coast Branch, Honolulu, Hawaii, August, 1979

"The Emergence of Black Communities in the Pacific Northwest, 1865 191­0," Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Associa­tion for the Study of Afro American Life and History, Los Angeles, California, October 1978

Presider, Session on the History of Blacks in the American West, 62nd Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History, Washington, D.C., October, 1977

Commentator, "A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the History of Blacks in the Pacific Northwest, 1720-1846," Paper presented at the Pacific Northwest History Association, Pullman, Washington, April 1974